Anneliese Baader Papers

Biographical / Historical Note

Anneliese Hermine, also called Nina, Baader-Kröcher; born in Saarburg, Germany 21th December 1916, died in Hamburg 23th August 2004; married to the art historian Berndt Phillip Baader (1913-1945), a German soldier during World War II who probably died during a postwar transport of Soviet prisoners; in postwar Germany employed as 'Trümmerfrau' and later as a secretary at the social court in Munich; mother of Andreas Baader (1943-1977), member of the German Rote Armee Fraktion (RAF) and 'Staatsfeind Nr 1' in the 1970s; her son Andreas was born in Munich but stayed with his grandmother in Saalfeld, Thuringia, from 1943 until his return to Munich 1949 and left for Berlin 1963.

Custodial History

Andreas Baader's notes and correspondence with Gudrun Ensslin and others from 1968 were given in custody with his mother before Baader and others went underground to form the RAF; the Anneliese Baader Papers, including the notes and correspondence of her son Andreas Baader, were handed over to the IISH some years after the death of Anneliese Baader.


Notebooks, drafts for letters and for declarations at the Frankfurt trial 1968 by Andreas Baader n.d.; letters by Andreas Baader to his mother 1955-1969; letters by Andreas Baader to Gudrun Ensslin and others 1968 [mostly n.d.]; letters by Gudrun Ensslin and others to Andreas Baader 1968 [mostly n.d.]; letter and documentation by Christiane Ensslin to Anneliese Baader 1977; letters by Wienke Zitzlaff to Anneliese Baader 1978, 1980; press clippings, brochures and other documents on the prisoners from the Rote Armee Fraktion (RAF), the lawsuits against them, and the deaths of Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, Ulrike Meinhof and Jan-Carl Raspe 1968-1977 (-1989).

Processing Information

Inventory made in 2018.