European Bureau for Conscientious Objection (Brussels) Archives

Biographical / Historical Note

Founded in Brussels in 1979 mainly 'to promote the right to conscientious objection to war preparations as a fundamental human right'; umbrella organization of 20 national conscientious objection organizations in 14 European countries, supporting and coordinating their activities for the rights of conscientious objectors to the military service; having a consultative status with the Council of Europe the EBCO lobbies als for the recognition of the right to conscientious objection on a European level; based in Brussels; other activities of the EBCO were the organizing of seminars and conferences on several aspects of conscientious objection; in some cases also actions were conducted on behalf of persecuted conscientious objectors, especially in Greece. See also the own website of the EBCO.



Deposit European Bureau for Conscientious Objection 2001


General correspondence 1984-1998; minutes and other documents concerning the Board of Directors, the General Assembly, different seminars and symposiums on the right for conscientious objection and alternative civil service 1980-1997; files on the contacts with the national conscientious objection organizations, the UN, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Quakers, the War Resisters' International (WRI) and other organizations 1979-1998; copies of 'The Right to Refuse to Kill', the bulletin of the EBCO 1992-1996; reports and documentation on the situation with regard to conscientious objection and civilian service in various countries, among others Germany, Greece, Israel. Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey and Yugoslavia 1976-1999; documents of the European Youth Forum and the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft-Vereinigte Kriegsdienstgegner e.V. 1976-1998; other documentation 1976-1999.

Accrual 2017: 11 files EBCO archives and three boxes containing the 'Sammlung Grünewald/Knebel zur Geschichte der Kriegsdienstverweigerung', materials from Guido Grünewald and Günter Knebel 1989-2000.

Accrual 2018: digital material.

Accrual 2018: paper material from Friedhelm Schneider from his years as pastor for conscientious objectors in the Evangelical Church of the German region Pfalz.

Processing Information

Inventory made by Bernard Mantel in 2004, with a supplement by Sabine Aarts in 2008 and a small supplement by Bouwe Hijma also in 2008.