Georg Scheuer Collection

Table of Contents

List of abbreviations of archival terms. XV

List of abbreviations of organisations. XVI-XX

Introduction. XXI-XXII

List of the Collection

Anarchism nos. 1-180

Brochures 1- 2

Documents 3-127

Clippings, 1946-1948. 3

No heading. 4- 9

1946. 10- 13

1947. 14- 21

1948. 22- 25

1949. 26- 38

Clippings, 1949, 1951. 39

"Diskussionszirkel Voran", 1945-1947, 1949. 40- 52

"Soldatenarbeit 1941-1944". 53- 57

Italy. 58- 59

Bulgaria. 60- 61

"Groupe de Bâle". 62- 66

H. Koechlin. 62

National anarchist Congress of the F.A.I., Livorno, April 1949. 63

No Heading. 64- 66

Carl Langer. 67- 76

No Heading. 67- 72

Picture postcards published by "Carl Langer Verlag". 73- 76

Germany and Austria, 1948-1950. 77- 78

"Auswanderling". 77

Miscellaneous correspondence. 78

German anarchists. 79- 81

Edwin Eisenpass. 82

German anarchists. 83

German and Austrian anarchism. 84- 87

Novel "Mein Freund Wassja" 88

Holland. 89- 90

F.A.F., 1944-1945, 1947, 1949-1950, 1952. 91-110

"Confédération Nationale du Travail". 91- 95

No Heading. 96- 99

"Assemblée générale des coöperateurs". 100-101

F.A.F "2eme Region". 102-103

No Heading. 104-110

"Bund der Kriegsgegner E.V.". 111

"Gilde freiheitlicher Bücherfreunde e.V", 1947. 112

Freiheilche Sozialisten", 1949. 113-114

No Heading, 1948-1949. 115-116

"Résistance". 117-124

Miscellaneous subjects. 125-127

Leaflets 128-178

Propaganda for German soldiers in France, 1942 [?]-1944. 128-135

Italy. 136-138

"Commision d'aide aux Antifascistes de Bulgarie". 139

Groupe de Bâle". 140-149

"Jugendföderation". 150

Germany. 151-152

Holland. 153-156

Austria. 157-159

"Conféderation Générale Pacifiste". 160

France. 161

"Kriegsdienstverweigerer Duisburg". 162

"Gilde freiheitlicher Bücher- freunde". 163-167

"Résistance". 168-172

Miscellaneous subjects. 173-178

Miscellaneous 179-180

Sticker of "Le Libertaire". 179

Posters relating to the F.A.F., C.N.T. and "Le Libertaire". 180

"Antoine" Group 181-204

Documents 181-204

"Antoine", Group, 1942-1943. 181-185

"Antoine", 194[3]-1945. 186-204

No Heading. 186-202

"Antoine", 1943-1945. 203

"Antoine", 1943-1944. 204

Arbeiter-Partei 205-208

Leaflets 205-208

Bordigism 209-292

Brochures 209-212

Documents 213-257

Bordigism, 1943. 213-257

"GCI Italienne". 213-216

"Theses de Rome". 223-224

Bordigism, 1944. 225-245

Bordigism, 1945. 246-248

G.C.F., 1945-1946. 249-254

Miscellaneous documents. 255-257

Leaflets 258-267

Correspondence 268-292

Bordigism, 1945. 268-287

Bordigism, 1946. 288-290

G.C.F., 1946. 291-292

Comités Communistes Internationalistes pour la IVe Internationale 293

Documents 293

Communistes Révolutionnaires 294-563

Periodicals 294

Documents 295-436

1942 (R.K.D. and L.S.V.). 295-302

Document relating to Stalinists, Trotskyists, Sinovjets etc. 303

1943 (C.R.). 304

1944 (C.R.). 305

R.K.D. 306-313

R.K.D. and C.R., 1939-1940. 314-318

R.K.D. and C.R., 1940-1941. 319-324

R.K.D. and C.R., 1941. 325-332

R.K.D. and C.R., 1942. 333-336

R.K.D. and C.R., 1944. 337-348

R.K.D. and C.R., 1945. 349-351

R.K.D. and C.R., 1946. 352

R.K.D. and C.R., 1947. 353

R.K.D. 354-355

R.K.D, 1944. 356-358

R.K.D., 1945. 359

R.K.D., 1946. 360-362

R.K.D., 1937-1945. 363-382

Jack Armor, 1946. 383-390

"Revisionisten Montauban 1941". 391

Miscellaneous subjects. 392-436

Leaflets 437-473

Correspondence 474-536

Fernand, 1944. 474-536

"Affaire Fernand", 1944. 486-489

"Sozialisten und Bürgerkrieg. 490-491

"Thesen zur politischen situation in Europa [...], 1940 [?]. 492

"Documents intérieurs R.K." 493

R.K.D., 1940-1944. 494

R.K.D., 1940. 495-497

R.K.D., 1942. 498

R.K.D., 1943. 499

R.K.D., 1944. 500

"Documents intérieurs R.K. 1944". 501

"GRP Getipte Dokumente 1943-45. (Briefe) intern". 502

"Groupe Révolutionnaire Prolétarien, 1943-1946". 503

"Rupture avec Gaspard. Debut 1945". 504

"Campagne de Calomnie", 1947 [?]. 505-507

"Documents intérieurs de l'O.C.R. p. M. 1945". 508

"Considérations s/ 'l'avantgarde' (par M.) 1945. 509-510

"C.E. de l'O.C.R. 1945. 511

"Documents intérieurs de l'O.C.R. 1945". 512

"Documents intérieurs de l'O.C.R. 1946". 513

"L'Expérience de l'O.C.R. par Méric, 1946". 514-515

"Documents organisationels O.C.R". 516-518

Letter from Hubert [?], 1943. 519

R.K.D. (Paul Morand and others), 1945-1946. 520

R.K.D., 1946. 521

R.K.D., 1947. 522

R.K.D., 1947-1949. 523

Leo Ostrach. 524-529

"Le Prolétaire" and G. Munis 1946. 530-531

R.K.D. and F.B.G.C.. 532-536

Miscellaneous 537-563

"La Plateforme Programmatique des Communistes Révolutionnaires", 1944 [?]. 537-543

"Contre le Courant (CR Gaspar- distes)", 1944-1945. 544-553

"L'expérience Boulogne". 544

Brochures. 545

Internal circulars. 546

Circulars. 547

Published documents and open letters. 548

"Marxisme", periodical. 549-550

Tracts from O.C.R. 551

[Gaspard]. 552-553

"Collection ultra-gauche". 554-555

"Collection ultra-gauche divers". 554

Raoul Brémond. 555

Miscellaneous subjects. 556-563

Fischer-Case 564-603

Correspondence 564-559

"Erklärung der Internationalistischen Kommunisten Buchwalds. 564

Correspondence of Karl Fischer. 565-595

Paul Morand. 565

Z.K. Mann (UPÖ). 566-568

Graf. 569-570

Mantler. 571-572

"Captaine Rozan". 573-574

Antoine. 575-576

Benedikt Kautsky. 577-580

Federn. 581-585

Fritz Scholz (Chemnitz). 586-588

Gaspard. 589-593

Poldi (Vienna). 589-593

Correspondence with several other persons, 1946-1947. 595

Correspondence of Maria Fischer, 1946-1948. 596-598

Buttinger (I.R.R.C.) 596

Several persons - among others Paul Morand - . 597

Correspondence between several that were in contact with Karl Fischer, 1947. 599

Miscellaneous 600-603

Press publications on the disappearance of Karl Fischer, 1947. 600

German translation of Charles Bettelheim's "la planification Soviétique". 601

"Bemerkungen zur Kriegsschuldfrage". 602

Passport photos of Karl Fischer. 603

Fourth International 604-630

Brochures 604-606

Documents 607-625

Leaflets 626-630

Front Ouvrier 631-634

Documents 631-634

Groupe Ouvrier 635-652

Leaflets 635-652

Grupo Comunista Internationalista: 4 Int. 653-654

Leaflets 653-654

Internationale Kommunisten Deutschlands 655

Documents 655

Jeunesses Socialistes 656-661

Documents 656-659

Proceedings of meetings of the secretariat. 656

"Jeune Militant". 657-659

Leaflets 660-661

Johnson-Forest Tendency 662-663

Miscellaneous 662-663

Kampfbund zur Befreiung der Arbeiterklasse 664-672

Brochures 664-666

Documents 667-672

Miscellaneous

See last Heading

Neuer Spartakus: 4 Int; German section 673-675

Documents 673-675

Organisation Communistes Révolutionnaires (O.C.R.) 676-717

Miscellaneous 676-717

Preparation of the O.C.R., 1941 [?]-1944. 676

Separation from the P.C.I., 1944. 677

Preparation of an organisation of "Communistes Révolutionnaires" in Paris. 678

First "Conference de Contact" in October 1944. 679

Organisation Communistes Révolu- tionnaires", 1944. 680

O.C.R. in Toulouse, 1944-1945. 681

Personal and psychological aspects of the O.C.R., 1944-1945. 682

Méric, 1945. 683

Periodicals, 1945. 684

"Commission Internationale Communiste Révolutionnaire", 1945. 685

Contacts of the O.C.R. with other organisations, 1945. 686

Rodion, 1945. 687

Rodion and R.K.D, 1945. 688

"Bordigisantes", 1945. 689

Theoretical subjects. 690

Internal resolutions of the O.C.R. 691-692

Dissolution of the O.C.R., 1945-1946. 693

Leaflets and pamphlets of the O.C.R. and F.F.G.C., 1944-1945. 694

Bulletins, 1946. 695-700

Fernand, 1945. 701

O.C.R., 1946. 702

Méric, 1946. 703

Letters relating to the article entitled "Quand les communistes de gauche s'abstiennent aux élections" by Armand Gaston in "Le Libertaire" of 25. X. 1946. 704

No Heading, 1946. 705-706

Brémond. 707-717

Parti Communiste Internationaliste 718-727

Documents 718-722

Leaflets 723-737

Parti Communiste Internationaliste: 4 Int. 728-812

Documets 728-761

1944. 728-749

"Sur la situation dans le mouvement ouvrier et les perspectives de la IVe Internationale". 750

1946. 751-757

Miscellaneous subjects. 758-761

Leaflets 762-812

1943. 762-764

1944. 765-783

P.C.I. 765-782

G.O. 782-783

1945. 784-789

1946. 790-806

1947. 807-808

Miscellaneous subjects. 809-812

Parti Communiste Revolutionnaire (Belge): 4 Int. 813-814

Documents 813-814

Parti Ouvrier Internationaliste: 4 Int. 815-835

Periodicals 815-818

Documents 819-831

Leaflets 832-835

Parti Socialiste Ouvrier et Paysan 836-838

Documents 836

Leaflets 837-838

Partido Obrero de Unificacion Marxista 839

Documents 839

Proletarische Aktion 840-845

Documents 840-843

Leaflets 844-845

Revolutionäre Kommunisten (Deutschlands) = R.K.(D.)

See Heading Communistes Révolutionnaires.

Revolutionnair-Communistische Partij; 4 Int. 846-881

Leaflets (and circulars) 846-881

Extra editions of "De Tribune" (weekly). 846-848

R.C.P. on national level. 849-854

R.C.P. section Amsterdam. 855-867

E.V.C. 868-871

"De Tribune". 872-876

Commemoration of Henk Sneevliet. 877-880

Miscellaneous subjects. 881

La Seule Voie 882-894

Periodicals 882

Documents 883-894

Socialisme ou Barbarie 895-915

Periodicals 895-898

Documents 899-911

Correspondence 912-915

T.A.M. ([Travail?] Antimilitariste) 916

Documents 916

Union Communiste: 4 Int. 917-928

Documents 917

Leaflets 918-928

Union des Communistes Internationalistes 929-930

Leaflets 929-930

Workers' Literature Bureau 931-932

Leaflets 931-932

Miscellaneous 933-978

Periodicals 933

Documents 934-960

Leaflets 961-970

Correspondence 971

Miscellaneous 972-983

Clippings of a photograph of the central committee of the Bolshevik Party in October 1927, 1938 [?]. 972

Dummy front page of "L'Etincelle". 973

Clippings of articles on the "Fechteler document". 974-977

Clipping from "Le Monde", 1952. 978

Clipping from "Le Figaro", 1952. 979

Clippings of a series of articles on Rommel in world war 2. 980

Clippings of articles written by by George Kennan. 981

Clippings of articles written by Walther Hofer. 982

Clipping of a review of the book "Le Front secret". 983

Appendix

List of brochures. Bro 1-Bro 117

List of abbreviations of archival terms

ms manuscript.

p(p) numbered page(s).

processed document multiplied by other means than by hand or typewriter.

ps pseudonym.

side(s) not numbered page(s).

ts typescript (original document or carbon copy).

List of abbreviations of organisations.

A.I.T. Association Internationale des Travailleurs

A.P. Arbeiter Partei.

B.K.I.

B.L.E. Seccion Bolchevique-Leninista de Espana [4 Int.].

C.A.R. Comités d'Action Révolutionnaire.

C.A.R.I. Comité Anarchiste de Relations Internationales.

C.C.I.4 Comité Communiste Internationaliste pour la Quatrieme Internationale [Continuation of P.C.I., 1939 and continued as L.S.V.].

C.C.N. Comité Confédéral National [de la Confédération Nationale Travail].

C.F.Q.I. Comités français pour la Quatrieme Internatioanle [related to C.C.I.4]

C.I. Communistes Internationalistes [related to G.C. Bordigist].

C.I.C.

C.I.C.R. la Commission Internationale Communiste- révolutionnaire.

C.L.E. Cercle Libertaire des Etudiants.

C.N.T. Confédération Nationale du Travail.

C.P.L. Comité Parisien de la Liberation.

C.R. -Communistes Révolutionnaires [related to R.K./R.K.D.].

-Comité Régional [du P.O.I.].

C.R.F. Communistes Révolutionnaires de France.

C.R.I.A. Commission de Relations Internationales.

F.A. Fédératation Anarchiste [de France].

F.A.C.B. Fédération Anarchiste Communiste Bulgare.

F.A.F. Fédération Anarchiste de France =

Fédération Anarchiste de la langue Française

F.A.I. -Federazione Anarchica Italiana.

-Fédération Anarchiste Ibérique.

F.B.G.C.I. Fraction Belge de la Gauche Communiste Internationaliste.

F.F.J.S. Föderation freiheitlicher Jungsozialisten.

F.F.S.D. Föderation freiheitlicher Sozialisten Deutschlands.

F.G.I. Fraction Gauche Italienne [Bordigist].

F.G.It. Fraction Gauche Italienne [Bordigist].

F.It.G.C. Fraction Italienne de la Gauche Communiste [Bordigist].

F.O. Front Ouvrier.

F.S.B. Freie Sozialistische Blätter.

F.T.P. Francs-tireurs et Partisans [C.P. France].

G.A.R. Groupe d'Actions Révolutionnaires.

G.B.L. Grupo Bolchevique-Leninista Espanola [4 Int.]

G.C. Groupe Communiste.

G.C.F. Gauche Communiste de France [Bordigist].

G.C.I. -Gauche Communiste Internationaliste [Bordigist].

-Grupo Comunista Internacionalista [4 Int].

G.C.It. Gauche Communiste Italienne [Bordigist].

G.d.s. Gegen den Strom.

G.f.B. Gilde freiheitlicher Bücherfreunde.

G.R.P. Groupe Révolutionnaire Prolétarien [="Antoine-group", ex-P.O.I.].

I.A.A. Internationale-Arbeiter-Association.

I.C.B. International Correspondence Bureau.

I.C.C. International Contact Commission.

I.E.K. Internationale Executiv-Komité, 4 Int. [4 Int.].

I.K.C.S.R. Internationale Kommunisten, Czechoslovakia [4 Int.].

I.K.D. Internationale Kommunisten Deutschlands [at times 4 Int.].

I.K.L. Internationale Kommunistische Liga [4 Int.].

I.K.Oe. Internationale Kommunisten [Kampfbund?] Oesterreich [4 Int.].

I.R.R.C. International Rescue and Relief Committee.

I.S. International Secretariat [of the Fourth International].

I.T.

I.W.W.

J.C.I. Jeunesse(s) Communiste(s) Internationaliste(s) [related to P.C.I]

J.F. Johnson-Forest Tendency [ex-S.W.P., U.S.A.].

J.I. Jeunes Internationalistes.

J.S. Jeunesses Socialistes [C.P. France].

J.S.O.P. Jeunesses Socialistes Ouvrieres et Paysannes.

J.S.R. Jeunesses Socialistes Révolutionnaires.

K.A.P.D. Kommunistische Arbeiter Partei Deutschland.

K.B. Kampfbund zur Befreiung der Arbeiterklasse.

K.J.V. Kommunistischer Jugendverband.

K.P.D. Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands- Spartacusbund.

K.L.Oe. Kommunistische Linksopposition Oesterreich [4 Int.].

L.O. Linke Opposition [der K.P.D. (Bolschewik-Leninisten), 4 Int.]

L.S.V. La Seule Voie [see C.C.I.4].

M.A.S. Marxistische Aktion der Schweiz [4 int. for a time].

M.K. Marxistischer Kampfbund [? related to K.B.]

M.L.A.J. Mouvement Laïque des Auberges de la Jeunesse.

M.R.S.

O.C.I. Ouvriers Communistes Internationalistes [Bordigist].

O.C.R. Organisation Communiste Révolutionnaire [en France, pour la Nouvelle Internationale Communiste (IVe)].

P.A. Proletarische Aktion.

P.C.I. Parti Communiste Internationaliste.

P.C.Int. Partito Comunista Intenazionalista [Bordigist]

P.C.I.: 4 Int. Parti Communiste Internationaliste [4 Int. after II. 1944].

P.C.R. Parti Communiste Révolutionnaire [Belgium].

P.O. Pouvoir Ouvrier [Gaspard Group].

P.O.C. Partito Operaio Comunista.

P.O.I. Parti Ouvrier Internationaliste [4 Int].

P.O.U.M. Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista.

P.P.A. Parti du Peuple Algérien.

P.R.L.

P.S. Parti Socialiste.

P.S.R. Parti Socialiste Revolutionnaire [Belgium].

R.C.P. Revolutionary Communist Party [(British section of the Fourth International)].

R.C.P. Revolutionnair-Communistische Partij [4 Int.]. (Holland)

R.C.R. Rassemblement Communiste Révolutionnaire.

R.D.R. Rassemblement Démocratique Révolutionnaire.

R.K. Revolutionäre Kommunisten.

R.K.D. Revolutionäre Kommunisten Deutschland.

R.N.P.

R.S.A.P. Revolutionnair Socialistische Arbeiders Partij.

R.S.P. Revolutionnair Socialistische Partij.

R.W.L. Revolutionary Workers' League [of U.S.].

S.F.I.C.

S.I. Sécretariat International [4 Int.].

S.P.E. Sécretariat Provisoir Européen [4 Int.].

S.W.P. Socialist Workers Party [U.S.A.].

T.A.M. [Travail Anti-Militariste?].

U.A.I. Unione Anarchica Italiana.

U.A.U. Unabhängige Arbeiter-Union.

U.C. Union Communiste [4 Int. for a time].

U.C.I. Union des Communistes Internationalistes [ancient G.R.P.].

U.J.R.F. l'Union de la Jeunesse Républicaine de France.

U.P.O.J.

W.I.N. Workers' International News.

W.L.B. Workers' Literature Bureau [Melbourne, Australia].

W.L.R.P. Workers' League for a Revolutionary Party.

W.P. Workers Party [Schachtmanite; ex-S.W.P., U.S.A.].

Introduction

The collection

In the first instance the collection, as acquired from the arranged by Georg Scheuer, was rearranged roughly by Lewis Sinclair. He split up the collection into broad sub-series of political organisations and subjects. Within each sub-series a subdivision was made into the following formal categories: brochures, periodicals, documents, leaflets, correspondence and miscellaneous. Several of these subdivisions in turn are broken up into files.

In the present list the descriptions of the items are completed. The scheme made by Lewis Sinclair has been maintained, except for apparent contradictions, for not disturbing the inner consistency within each one of the above mentioned formal categories although these categories are not mutually exclusive: one category may contain in fact items by reason of their contents, though formally they belong to another category.

For example the category "correspondence" does not only contain letters, but also reports, declarations etc., which indicates mutual coherence between them. Mutatis mutandis the same goes for the category "documents", the nucleus of which is formed by inner party records as reports and minutes, as well as for many files.

Most brochures are included in the appendix of the collection. The method of description in the appendix is derived from library catalogue methods, but can not be regarded as the official ISBD(M). Several other items are to be considered as grey material. Therefore they can not be put in a modern library catalogue system and they remain incorporated in the collection.

In the descriptions the orthography of the original text is adopted: capital and small letters as well as typing and writing errors are followed consequently. The orthography of names of organisations, persons and their pseudonyms is also included to the literal.

Georg Scheuer

Georg Scheuer, born in Vienna on 8 December 1915, studied sociology and psychology in Vienna and Paris. Since 1929 he was a member of the socialist youth, scholar and student movement and became a co-founder and militant of the RKO ("Revolutionäre Kommunisten Österreichs").

Arrested in 1936 in Vienna together with Karl Fischer he was condemned in the Viennese trial against the Trotskyists to five years' imprisonment for illegal anti-fascist propaganda. Set free in September 1938 under political amnesty he emigrated to Paris.

At the Conference of Périgny in September 1938 Georg Scheuer and Karl Fischer voted against the proclamation of the Fourth International. Scheuer, during 1940-1944 active in French revolutionary resistance movement, concentrated after the war gradually on journalism and writing.

For more information in addition to these summary biographical and political notes one can consult:

Prager, R. ed., Les congres de la IVe Internationale I.

Naissance de la IVe Internationale (Paris 1978).

'Quelques biographies de militants autrichiens', Cahiers Léon Trotsky 1980 (no. 5) 103-114.

Röder, W. and Herbert D. Strauss dir., Biographisches Handbuch der deutschsprachigen Emigration nach 1933 I. Politik, Wirtschaft, Öffentliches Leber (München, New York, London and Paris 1980).

C. Hoskens, March 1986.