Marie Juchacz Papers

Biographical / Historical Note

Born in Landsberg an der Warthe, Germany 1879, died in Bonn 1956; member of the Verein der Frauen und Mädchen der arbeitenden Klasse, and in 1908 of the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD); delegate to the National Women's Congresses; in 1913 woman secretary of the SPD branch in Cologne, from 1917 in Berlin; editor of Gleichheit 1917-1919; member of the Executive of the SPD 1917-1933; member of the Reichstag 1920-1933; founded the social democratic welfare organization Arbeiterwohlfahrt in 1919; emigrated in 1935 to Mulhouse; fled to Southern France in 1939 and emigrated to New York in 1941; member of the German-American Council for the Liberation of Germany from Nazism; member of the Council for a Democratic Germany; active in the Jewish Labor Committee and the Arbeiterwohlfahrt USA-Hilfe für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus; returned to Germany in 1949.


The IISH acquired this collection from Marie Juchacz in 1936 with financial support of the Centrale Arbeiders- Verzekerings- en Deposito-Bank (the Centrale). The collection was mentioned in the Annual Report of 1936 (p. 21).


Proceedings of the Reichsausschuss für Bevölkerungsfragen, the Arbeitsgruppe I of the Reichsausschuss für Bevölkerungsfragen and the Unterkommission für Mutterschutz, Ehe- und Sexualberatung der Fachkommission 'Sexual-Hygiene' 1930-1931; printed material consisting of copies of periodicals, pamphlets, separate prints and clippings on the population problem and the fight for legislation of abortion and against the § 218 of the RStGB in the time 1928-1931 and n.d.

Processing Information

Revised for purposes of digitization by Eva van Oene in 2015.

Alternative Form of Material

Complete papers digitized as part of the Centrale Project 2012-2016.