Senya Fléchine Papers

INTRODUCTION

Senya Fléchine (also Fleshin) was born in Achtyrka, Ukraine, Russia in 1894. He died in Mexico City in 1981. He was a photographer and anarchist. He emigrated to the USA in 1910 and worked for Mother Earth in New York. He returned to Russia in 1917 and joined the Nabat Confederation of Anarchist Organizations in the Ukraine.

Mollie Steimer (pseudonym of Marthe Alperine) was born in Dunaevtsy, Russia in 1897. She died in Cuernavaca, Mexico in 1980. She was an anarchist. She emigrated to the USA in 1913. She was a member of the group around Der Shturm (The Storm) and Frayhayt (Freedom) in 1917 both in New York. She was arrested for propaganda against intervention by the USA in Russia in 1918. She was deported to Russia in 1921.

Fléchine and Steimer met and became companions in Russia. After several arrests they were allowed to leave Russia in 1923. They were members of the Joint Committee for the Defense of Revolutionaries Imprisoned in Russia, in Berlin during 1923-1926 and also members of the Relief Fund of the International Working Men's Association (IWMA) for Anarchists and Anarcho-Syndicalists Imprisoned or Exiled in Russia (in Paris and Berlin) during 1926-1932 and members of other relief groups for anarchists.

They emigrated to Mexico in 1941, where their house became a meeting centre for political refugees. They corresponded with anarchists around the world.

The papers were received by the IISG in 1964 and consist of extensive correspondence with a great number of anarchists and anarcho-syndicalists in Europe, the USA and Latin America, including Russian and Jewish emigrants, 1923-1963. Correspondence and other documents can be found of the Joint Committee for the Defense of Revolutionists Imprisoned in Russia 1923-1926, the Relief Fund of the International Working Men's Association for Anarchists and Anarcho-Syndicalists Imprisoned or Exiled in Russia 1926-1932, Comité d'Émigrés (Solidarité) for relief of Spanish Refugees 1938-1945, papers of Simón Radowitzky 1932-1956 and other documents 1918-1948. The size of the papers is 1,5 m.