Rudolf Breitscheid Papers
|Biographical / Historical Note|
Breitscheid, Rudolf; born in Cologne 1874, died in Buchenwald 1944; journalist, politician; studied economy in Munich and Marburg; editor of liberal journals in Hamburg and Hannover; one of the founders of the left-liberal Demokratische Vereinigung 1908; member of the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) 1912; joined the Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (USPD) because of his antiwar views in 1917; prominent parliamentary spokesman for the right wing of the USPD; moved rapidly through the ranks of the reunited SPD; one of the leading SPD-parliamentarians and spokesman on foreign politics from 1925; emigrated in 1933; actively opposed fascism after 1933; contributed to several Western European periodicals; worked with the Rassemblement Universel pour la Paix in 1935-1936; sent to concentration camp in 1942.
The IISH acquired the library of Breitscheid in 1936 with financial support of the Centrale Arbeiders-Verzekerings- en Deposito-Bank (the Centrale), see Annual Report 1936 (p. 16); his archive might have been part of this acquisition, but more specific information is lacking.
Some correspondence, for the most part between others 1912-1933, 1949; manuscripts of `Über deutsche Verfassungsgeschichte' n.d., `Innenpolitische Betrachtungen'  and of his speech `Rechtsblockregierung und Aussenpolitik' delivered in the Reichstag 1928; manuscripts by others 1918, 1921 and n.d.; documents of the parliamentary committee of inquiry into the German foreign policy and the different peace efforts during the First World War 1919, 1921-1924 and n.d.; files on various subjects including the execution of the Treaty of Versailles 1920-1921, the German reparations 1921-1923, 1930 and n.d., and the position of the press 1922; printed material for the most part consisting of proceedings, reports, memoranda and clippings 1914-1939.
Inventory made by Guus van der Ham in 1976, edited by Johannes Beermann in 2010, revised for purposes of digitization by Eva van Oene in 2015.
|Alternative Form of Material|
Complete Papers digitized as part of the Centrale Project 2012-2016.